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Artificial Intelligence

AI chatbot usage and concepts

What is Artificial Intelligence?

Artificial Intelligence (AI) involves computer systems simulating human intelligence processes. This includes learning, reasoning, problem-solving, perception, language understanding, and image and audio generation, among others that we may not yet be aware of. These advancements allow educators to leverage technology more than ever before.

AI can be categorized into two main types:

  1. Narrow or Weak AI: This type of AI is designed and trained for a specific task or a narrow range of tasks. It can perform these tasks very well but lacks general intelligence. Examples include virtual personal assistants (like Siri or Alexa) and recommendation systems (like those used by streaming platforms).
  2. General or Strong AI: This is a higher level of AI that possesses human-like intelligence and can understand, learn, and apply knowledge across a wide range of tasks, just like a human. General AI is still largely theoretical and has not been achieved yet. It would have the ability to perform any intellectual task that a human can.

Preparing Educators for AI and Student Needs

Wayne RESA will offer opportunities for educators to learn about Artificial Intelligence and how to integrate it into the classroom, including:

  • Continued conversation with district leaders and instructional technology experts
  • A variety of professional learning offerings throughout the 2023-2024 school year

The webpage was developed with a focus on the MITECS or the Michigan Integrated Technology Competencies for Students (Michigan Department of Ed, 2017) and the ISTE Standards for Educators and Education Leaders (ISTE, 2023). Although connections are highlighted throughout the page, we encourage all educators to explore these standards in their entirety. For your convenience, these resources are included inside the resources accordion on this page.

Note: This guidance was created by professional educators with the assistance of an artificial intelligence (AI).

illustrative image of hands typing on a keyboard in a futuristic style

“We need to empower students to harness AI’s potential responsibly, preparing them to illuminate the world with knowledge, innovation, and boundless possibilities.”
Beth Gonzalez
Deputy Superintendent of Educational Services
Wayne RESA

Elementary school boy wearing a virtual reality headset

“AI will create a learning revolution, and it's only just getting started. It has the potential to help teachers and students. While we won't achieve perfection in its implementation, suppressing AI would be misguided. Instead, we must focus on empowering students and teachers to utilize AI ethically and responsibly, providing them with the necessary support to navigate this evolving landscape.”
Alexander McNeece
Director of Instructional Services
Garden City Public Schools

The Potential of AI and Generative Models in Education

Many applications of Artificial Intelligence bring value in an educational setting (US Department of Education, 2023). These include uses that enhance productivity for educators and students, create novel interactions, enable teachers to more effectively adapt in order to meet the needs of all students, and support and augment the teaching practice (Aleven, McLaughlin, Glenn & Koedinger, 2016). AI can enhance practices and increase the capacity of teachers, yet it can never replace true human expertise. When integrated into a classroom by a highly qualified educator, AI can help prepare students for the careers of the future (ISTE, 2023). Some examples representing a bright future for the use of AI in education, include:

  • Personalized learning
  • Rapid differentiation of lessons and text
  • Intelligence Augmentation (IA)
  • Intelligent tutoring
  • Analyzing Student Growth Data
  • Automated grading and feedback
  • Adaptive testing

While these examples represent the mere beginning of ways in which Artificial Intelligence may revolutionize learning, school districts will benefit from exploring the implementation of these applications and their overall effects on student learning (ISTE, 2023).

Current Uses of AI in Education

AI is changing the way teachers and students work in the classroom. Educators are using AI in many ways in Elementary, Secondary, Special Education, and Multilingual Education. Here are some examples:

Elementary and Secondary

  • Draft lesson plans
  • Provide actionable feedback to students
  • Generate ideas for learning activities
  • Translate text
  • Develop formative and summative assessments
  • Generate drafts of communication to parents, colleagues, and administrators

Special Education

  • Generate ideas for meeting accommodations that meet the needs of specific students
  • Make accommodations related to accessibility

Students with Special Needs

  • Augment their speech and language (Augmentative and Alternative Communication)
  • Support cognitive and executive functioning
  • Support visual and hearing access


School Leaders are using AI tools to:

  • Analyze data
  • Creating schedules
  • Prepare proposals
  • Generate communication
  • Develop ideas for engaging all stakeholders

Multilingual Education

Multilingual Students are using AI tools to:

  • Interpret difficult words
  • Construct sentences
  • Improve their writing skills
  • Learn different language skills

Teachers of Multilingual Students are using AI tools to:

  • Translate texts
  • Generate summaries of texts at a variety of reading levels

Educational Standards

Artificial Intelligence Timeline

Pedagogical Considerations

AI is now part of modern life and impacts education. It can be used to improve learning but can also undermine it. The goal of AI in schools should be to enhance learning outcomes while preserving human decision-making. Therefore, AI has the potential to shift the modes and contexts of learning, enabling personalized learning and providing predictive analytics.

Educators need more opportunities to learn about Artificial Intelligence. This will help them understand what AI can and cannot do, and encourage innovation in the classroom. AI has the potential to change the way we learn, enable personalized learning, and provide predictive analytics.

Educator support for integrating Artificial Intelligence into the learning environment is critical. High quality professional learning is necessary for teachers to leverage AI effectively. Instructional coaches can assist teachers in planning and facilitating lessons that benefit student learning through AI.

To encourage authentic learning, learning environments must be adapted. Teachers should consider how changes to the classroom environment can mitigate the effects of students using artificial intelligence to auto-generate their work. This requires rethinking activity types, writing prompts, and assessment models.

The limitations of AI must be evaluated and discussed, and educators should play an active role in guiding students to understand them. This includes fostering the ability to recognize hallucinations, discern biases resulting from training data and algorithms, differentiate between human-human interaction and human-computer interaction, and grasp the implications of AI for digital citizenship.

Educational leadership must ensure that teachers have access to emerging research on the effects of artificial intelligence on student learning. Staying up-to-date with research and sharing relevant findings with stakeholders will be critical as AI continues to evolve. Additionally, educators must embrace and be responsive to new AI research, adapting to new information and models as they become available in education.

Illustration of artificial intelligence creating a computer with lots of question marks coming from a laptop screen

“I am genuinely enthusiastic about the immense potential that AI holds in empowering students with disabilities and addressing learner variability. The prospect of leveraging AI technologies to create inclusive and personalized learning experiences is truly promising and inspiring.”
Amber Wade
Assistive Technology Consultant Wayne RESA

Woman and robot exchange thoughts

Administrative and Policy Considerations

As Artificial Intelligence becomes increasingly prevalent, it is crucial to contemplate the practical ramifications of its accessibility to both students and teachers (U.S. DOE, 2023). When making decisions regarding the availability of AI, the following factors merit careful consideration:

  • Leaders should determine AI goals, and if current guidelines and policies match those goals. Consider the practicalities of banning/limiting access. Review current guidelines around academic integrity to determine if revisions or adjustments are needed.
  • School leaders should ensure that educators have access to AI tools in order to make informed decisions about the extent to which Artificial Intelligence can be integrated into learning.
  • School leaders and educators must recognize that software and websites that purport to “detect” Artificial Intelligence in student work are limited in their accuracy and should not be considered to provide reliable and conclusive evidence of a lack of student academic integrity.
  • Schools should adopt procedures and guidelines that directly and clearly address the use of Artificial Intelligence by school leaders, educators, and students. This should include expectations of disclosure of the use of AI, clear definitions of academic integrity as it relates to the use of AI, a clear explanation of the time, place, and context of appropriate AI use, and protocols for disciplinary action in cases of lapses in academic integrity.
  • School leaders must ensure the safety and privacy of students, employees, and parents. Procedures and guidelines must be reviewed in light of the anticipated use

Essential Questions for Pedagogy

  • What is the positive impact of generative AI tools?
    • What can generative AI do for teachers, and how do we help teachers take advantage of these possibilities?
  • What do students need to be able to do with AI?
  • How can teachers help students leverage generative and other forms of AI?
  • How can we bring pedagogical best practices together with AI?
  • What impact will generative AI tools have on digital literacy skills?
  • What impact will generative AI tools have on literacy skills in general?

Essential Questions for Administration

  • What implications for policy decisions and any potential guardrails might we need to consider?
    • Given these considerations, how might we best keep educators and other stakeholders informed?
  • What are the components that constitute a high level of academic integrity?
    • How can we foster a high level of academic integrity in the work of students?
  • How do we help educators and students recognize and/or screen for false information in order to prevent the use of false information?
  • How do we address the ethical considerations of using AI?
    • Privacy and data collection
    • Transparency and accountability
    • Digital divide and access to resources
    • Bias
    • Equity
    • Intellectual freedom and censorship ○ Impact on employment
  • What does district implementation with AI look like?
  • What disciplinary procedures are appropriate for instances such as when a student creates deep fake media that involves other students or teachers and posts it to social media?
  • How can schools help victims of deep fake bullying or harassment?
Wheelchair bound middle school female wearing headphones while working on a laptop

“When AI and human creativity come together, the possibilities are endless as it can provide a solid foundation for creating excellent learning experiences. It's like having an assistant, sparking innovation and suggesting exciting new ways to engage in learning. AI will not be the ‘be all, end all,’ but it can certainly help to build a framework for ideas."
Christopher Stanley
Director of Instructional Technology
Grosse Pointe Public School System

Implicit Bias Considerations

Although it may seem that Artificial Intelligence (AI) would be unbiased, this is not the case (Hutson, 2017). AI is based on resources and content created by humans, and therefore has the potential to produce racist, biased, and inaccurate information. Leading AI image generator companies have committed to enhancing their tools and acknowledging bias as a significant industry-wide concern (Small, 2023). However, there is still much work to be done.

Recognizing and combating implicit racial bias in education is perhaps our greatest defense. We can study its harmful effects, encourage collaboration between researchers and scholars in racial inequality, and involve a diverse population of educators in the process. Collaboration between researchers and scholars specializing in racial inequality in education, along with a diverse population of educators, can help districts and schools recognize bias and find ways to combat misinformation (Warikoo et al., 2016).

We should focus on the following components as we seek to empower educators and students to critically examine all resources, including those created by Artificial Intelligence:

  • Help students develop critical thinking skills to evaluate information and identify biases. Teach them to question the source, credibility, and evidence behind AI-generated content.
  • Incorporate media literacy education into the curriculum. Teach students how to analyze and evaluate information from various sources, including AI-generated content.
  • Engage students in discussions about the ethical implications of AI and the potential biases embedded in AI systems. Encourage them to think critically about the impact of AI on society and the importance of addressing bias and misinformation.
  • Foster an inclusive classroom environment that values diverse perspectives.
    • Discuss the importance of diverse representation in AI development.
    • Encourage students to consider the perspectives of different communities and cultures when evaluating AI-generated content. (OSU, 2023)

Scrutinizing AI outputs for bias and inaccuracies is crucial. AI has flaws that can spread misinformation, especially among younger or less informed audiences who may lack the knowledge to challenge inaccuracies. Unfortunately, these errors seem to be more common among people of color or minoritized groups, which further reinforces existing biases (Lieberman, 2022).

Essential Questions

  • What work can teachers and students do to uncover their own implicit biases so they may recognize when they are confronted with them in their use of AI?
  • What considerations need to be made when choosing AI-powered educational tools in regards to work done by the manufacturer to address and eliminate bias in their technology?
  • What measures can be put in place to regularly audit and evaluate AI systems for signs of bias?
  • How can we establish clear guidelines and policies to prevent the reinforcement of stereotypes through AI-generated content?
  • What structures or policies could a district put in place to ensure teachers and students confirm sources and ask questions to not miss cultural cues and misconceptions that AI computing does not understand?
  • When using AI how can educators make sure the prompt is specific and inclusive enough to make sure all needed data sets are being included for a more accurate representation or outcome?

Ethical Considerations

Educating staff and students on the ethics of artificial intelligence is crucial, as the overall impact will be measured by their ability to make informed decisions about its use, regardless of whether they serve as users or creators (Lieberman, 2022).

Artificial Intelligence has the potential to revolutionize education, there are important ethical considerations to be made (European Commission, 2022). These include:

  • Privacy: AI systems often need large amounts of data to function effectively. In an educational context, some uses could involve collecting and analyzing sensitive data about students, such as their learning habits, academic performance, and personal information. Therefore, maintaining student privacy is the primary ethical consideration. Even with consent, it is not appropriate to prompt public models with identifiable data because anything shared with a model, even if information is shared in prompt form, may be added to the model for future reference and even shared with other users of the model.
  • Bias and fairness: AI are trained using existing datasets, leading to the potential reflection and even magnification of biases existing within these datasets. Thus, we must prepare users to recognize and respond appropriately to bias, racism, and inaccurate information. For more information please see this document’s section entitled Diversity and Cultural Considerations.
  • Cultural competence: While AI has the potential to summarize content in such a way that we might better understand various cultures, results must be viewed with a critical lens. For more information please see this document’s section entitled Diversity and Cultural Considerations.
  • Accessibility and equality: AI has the potential to greatly enhance learning, but if access to AI technology is not universal, it could exacerbate existing educational inequity. This includes inequalities based on socio-economic status, location, and disabilities.
  • Student-Teacher relationship: AI should not replace the essential human connection between students and teachers but should serve as a tool to enhance learning. The emotional, social, and moral aspects of education are deeply human, and AI cannot replicate these.
  • Dependency: In the absence of a full body of relevant research, it is to be acknowledged that over-reliance on AI technologies could pose a risk in the long run, as it may hinder critical thinking skills and problem-solving abilities in students. A balance needs to be maintained where AI is used as a tool to aid education.

Further Considerations

Additionally, incorporating media literacy education into the curriculum for teaching students so they can better instruct students on how to analyze and evaluate information from multiple sources. Teachers need to engage students in discussions about the ethical implications of AI and its potential biases while encouraging critical thinking about the impact of AI on society and the need to address bias and misinformation.


The advancement of Artificial Intelligence in the lives of students, educators, and educational leaders represents a pivotal moment in all aspects of life, especially in education.

Educational stakeholders are advised to adopt a measured approach in embracing this emerging technology. It’s crucial for them to acquire knowledge about AI, engage in ongoing dialogue to shape relevant policies, and explore strategies for empowering students to effectively harness the incredible capabilities of AI, thereby unlocking fresh avenues for learning and fostering innovation.

AI generated brain coming out of a tablet done in a futuristic colorful style

"AI offers educators many benefits, such as helping us increase efficiency, engagement, and accessibility. However, we must also be mindful of its barriers, including providing inaccurate information and perpetuating bias and discrimination. As educators, we must consider the risks and rewards of AI and encourage one another — and our students — to think critically about the best ways to use this tool responsibly and ethically to facilitate learning. This is where we make the difference for the well-being of children."
Ashara Shepard-Lance
Education Improvement Consultant
Wayne RESA

An illustrative rendering of a young girl typing on a laptop

“Teaching students about the potential of AI goes beyond preparing them for the future; it equips them with essential life skills in the present, aiming to foster responsible and respectful digital citizenship.”
Amy Gwizdz
Elementary Educator
Dearborn Public Schools

woman in front of a large computer monitor in an illustrative style

“I am excited that Wayne County is on the forefront of AI innovation as it relates to the field of education. AI is an extremely broad subject with powerful tools for all walks of life. Leaders from across the county are working together to harness these powerful tools to help our students and the future is bright!”
Dr. John J. Tafelski
Assistant Superintendent for Curriculum & Instruction
Allen Park Public Schools


Artificial Intelligence (AI): A field of computer science focused on developing intelligent machines capable of performing tasks that typically require human intelligence.

Chat Bot: computer program or AI application designed to simulate human conversation and interact with users through textual or auditory means

Cognitive Computing: A branch of AI that aims to simulate human thought processes and enhance decision-making by leveraging advanced technologies such as natural language processing and machine learning

Expert Systems: Computer programs that emulate human expertise in a specific domain, utilizing rules and knowledge to provide problem-solving or decision-making support Generative AI: Involves training models to create or generate new content, such as images, text, or audio, based on patterns and examples from existing data

Generative Transformers: A type of deep learning model that utilizes transformer architecture to generate creative and coherent outputs, often used in natural language processing tasks like language translation or text generation

Hallucination: an unexpected output containing falsehoods, generated by artificial intelligence models.

Intelligence Augmentation (IA): The use of AI technologies to enhance human intelligence and capabilities, enabling individuals to achieve better outcomes and solve complex problems more effectively

Intelligent Tutoring: The application of AI techniques to create personalized and adaptive learning experiences that provide tailored instruction and feedback to learners

ISTE Standards: Standards developed by the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE), establishing a set of guidelines that define skills and knowledge required for effective use of technology in education and promote digital literacy and innovation

Machine Learning: A subfield of AI that involves the development of algorithms and models that enable computers to learn from data and make predictions or decisions without explicit programming

MITECS: The Michigan Integrated Technology Competencies for Students is a framework that outlines technology-related skills and competencies students should develop to succeed in the digital age

Neural Networks: Computational models inspired by the structure and functioning of the human brain, consisting of interconnected nodes (neurons) that process and transmit information to perform tasks such as pattern recognition, classification, and regression

Personalized Learning: An educational approach that tailors instruction, content, and pace to meet the unique needs and preferences of individual learners, often leveraging technology and data-driven insights

Reactive AI: AI system operating solely based on its immediate environment and current inputs, lacking memory or the ability to retain information from past experiences

Theory of Mind AI: AI system possessing the ability to understand and infer the mental states of others, including beliefs, intentions, and emotions, to facilitate more sophisticated human-like interaction and social understanding


Wayne RESA would like to acknowledge members of the AI Exploratory Committee for its input and insight into how AI is impacting education in local districts. Please see our homepage for current offerings and the most up to date information.

  • Judy Bowling, Wayne RESA
  • Jordan Ewert, Wayne RESA
  • Jason Gribble, Riverview Community School District
  • Beth Gonzalez, Wayne RESA
  • Amy Gwizdz, Dearborn Public Schools
  • Bob Harrison, Wayne RESA
  • Zeinab Haidous, Wayne RESA
  • Lisa Kaiser, Wayne RESA
  • Alex McNeece, Garden City Public Schools
  • Heather Palmer, Van Buren Public Schools
  • Kurt Rheaume, Wayne RESA
  • Ashara Shepard-Lance, Wayne RESA
  • Matt Smoot, Plymouth-Canton Community Schools
  • Chris Stanley, Grosse Pointe Public School System
  • Jason Strzalkowski, Van Buren Public Schools
  • John Tafelski, Allen Park Public Schools
  • Mari Treece, Wayne RESA
  • Amber Wade, Wayne RESA
  • Michelle Wagner, Wayne RESA
  • Scott Wagner, Gibraltar School District